Nouns : Pengertian, Penjelasan, Contoh Soal dan Kunci Jawaban

Pengertian Nouns

Dikutip dari Casco Primary English pengertiannya “Nouns are words we use to name things, places, plants, animals and people. The words ‘things’, ‘places’, ‘plants’, ‘animals’ and ‘people’ are also nouns. Dapat diartikan sebagai berikut, Nouns (Kata Benda) merupakan kata-kata yang kita gunakan untuk menamai suatu benda, tempat/lokasi, tanaman, hewan dan orang. Bahkan kata ‘benda’, ‘tempat/lokasi’, ‘tanaman’ dan ‘orang termasuk juga dalam kata benda.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa contoh kata benda:
a. Things (benda): pen, pencil, book, bag, paper, ship, plane, car, music, piano, cup, plate, fork, spoon, watch, shoes, socks, shirt, dress, purse, wallet, water, food, rice, noodles, bed, cupboard, toy and doll.
b. Places (tempat/lokasi): school, classroom, house, home, room, office, shopping center, beach, field, housing estate, park, city, country and Singapore.
c. Plants (tanaman): tree, grass, rose, flower, fruit, apple and orange.
d. Animals (hewan): cat, rat, dog, tiger, lion, fish, snail, bird, cow and snake.
e. Names (nama): Alfred, jenny, Ahmad and Inderjit.
f. People (orang): boy, girl, man, woman, baby, teacher, pupil, doctor, postman, mother, father, brother, sister, uncle and aunt.

Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini!

Dari gambar di atas terdapat hewan (animals), orang (people), tempat/lokasi (places) dan benda (things). Hewan yang terlihat adalah turtles (kura-kura), orang-orangnya adalah a doctor (seorang dokter) dan a nurse (seorang perawat), tempatnya adalah zoo (kebun binatang), benda-bendanya adalah a screwdriver (sebuah obeng), a drill (sebuah bor), dan a pair of pliers (sebuah tang). Semua kata dari benda benda ini disebut kata benda (nouns).

Contoh Soal

Exercise 1
Underline the nouns in the following sentences. There are may be more than one noun in each sentence.
e.g The fish is swimming.

  1. We are at home.
  2. He is going to school.
  3. Roses are red.
  4. She has three pencils.
  5. I saw an elephant.
  6. The water is hot.
  7. That is our computer.
  8. The cats ate the rats.
  9. There are monkeys in the zoo.
  10. They heard a baby cry in the room.

Exercise 2
Underline the nouns in the following sentences. There are may be more than one noun in each sentence.
e.g The princess is here.

  1. My brother likes to paint.
  2. Janet is going to school.
  3. This is my bag.
  4. Her sister loves music.
  5. I saw a giant.
  6. See you at the market!
  7. The bird is chirping in the tree.
  8. The cook is in the kitchen.
  9. Father is working in the office.
  10. There are four people in the car.

Exercise 3
Underline the nouns in the following sentences. There are may be more than one noun in each sentence.
e.g Your sister is wearing a red dress.

  1. I use the computer to do my homework.
  2. The cat is sitting on a mat.
  3. The dog is sleeping under the table.
  4. My sister is talking to your mother over the phone.
  5. The monkey threw the banana into the dustbin.
  6. The clown is juggling with pots and pans.
  7. The dog chased the cat up the tree.
  8. I have two hands and two feet.
  9. The monster has only three fingers and four toes!
  10. Mei mei loves to eat ice-cream.

Exercise 4
Underline the nouns in the following sentences. There are may be more than one noun in each sentence.
e.g My brother is studying in the school.

  1. There is no money in my purse.
  2. There are stars in the sky.
  3. The fish is swimming away from the shark.
  4. I like to eat ice-cream and cakes.
  5. I am going to see a doctor at the clinic.
  6. We saw lions and tigers at the zoo.
  7. The sun is hiding behind the clouds.
  8. There are fishes in the pond.
  9. I have many friends in school.
  10. We eat our lunch at home.

Kunci Jawaban

Exercise 1

  1. home
  2. school
  3. roses
  4. pencils
  5. elephant
  6. water
  7. computer
  8. cats, rats
  9. monkeys, zoo
  10. baby, room

Exercise 2

  1. brother
  2. Janet, school
  3. bag
  4. sister, music
  5. giant
  6. market
  7. bird, tree
  8. cook, kitchen
  9. Father, office
  10. people, car

Exercise 3

  1. computer, homework
  2. cat, mat
  3. dog, table
  4. sister, mother, phone
  5. monkey, banana, dustbin
  6. clown, pots, pans
  7. dog, cat, tree
  8. hands, feet
  9. monster, fingers, toes
  10. Mei Mei, ice-cream

Exercise 4

  1. money, purse
  2. stars, sky
  3. fish, shark
  4. ice-cream, cakes
  5. doctor, clinic
  6. lions, tigers, zoo
  7. sun, clouds
  8. fishes, pond
  9. friends, clouds
  10. lunch, home
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