Present Simple: Pengertian dan Contohnya

Present Simple adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk:
– Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang terjadi saat ini.
contoh: Diana bakes a cake for her brother. (Diana memanggang sebuah kue untuk saudara laki-lakinya)
– Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang biasa terjadi atau sering dilakukan / hobi (habitual action) .
contoh: We do exercise every morning. (Kita berolahraga setiap pagi)
– Menyatakan kebenaran umum / fakta (general truth).
contoh: The Sun rises on the East and sets on the West.

Gambaran waktu

–x–x–x–x–x–x|x–x–x–x–x–x–x–
(past) (present) (future)

Pola Kalimat Verbal

– Positive sentence: Subject + Verb 1 (s/es) + Object
– Negative sentence: Subject + do/does + not + Verb 1 + Object
– Interrogative sentence: Do/does + Subject + Verb 1 + Object + ?

Notes:
– Penggunaan penambahan s/es digunakan pada subject; He, She, It, Singular Noun (Name of person; Rina)
– Penggunaan auxiliary Do dan Does
DO : I, You, We, They, Plural Noun (Rina and Rini)
DOES: He, She, It, Singular Noun (Name of person; Rina)
– Keterangan waktu (Time Signal) yang digunakan: every … (day, week, month, year, etc.), every … (morning, afternoon, evening, night), always, normally, generally, often, sometimes, seldom, frequently, once, twice, three times, four times, etc.

Contoh Kalimat:
1. (+) They study English every night. (Mereka belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam)
(-) They do not study English every night. (Mereka tidak belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam)
(?) Do they study english every night? (Apakah mereka belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam?)
– Yes, they do.
– No, they do not.

2. (+) She studies English every night. (Dia belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam)
(-) She does not study English every night. (Dia tidak belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam)
(?) Does she study english every night? (Apakah dia belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam?)
– Yes, she does.
– No, she does not.

3. (+) Aris studies English every night. (Aris belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam)
(-) Aris does not study English every night. (Aris tidak belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam)
(?) Does Aris study english every night? (Apakah Aris belajar Bahasa Inggris setiap malam?)
– Yes, he does.
– No, he does not.

Pola Kalimat Nominal

– Positive sentence: Subject + to be (am, are, is) + A/N/A
– Negative sentence: Subject + to be (am, are, is) + not + A/N/A
– Interrogative sentence: to be (am, are, is) + Subject + + A/N/A + ?

Notes:
– Penggunaan tobe: I > am, You/We/They/Plural Noun > are, He/She/It/Singular Noun > is
– A/N/A adalah Adjective (kata sifat; beautiful, sad, smart, good, tall, etc.), Noun (kata benda; table, baloon, chair, student, teacher, animals, vegetbales, food, etc.), Adverb (kata keterangan; quickly, fast, slowly, rapidly, kindly, intentionally, etc.)

Contoh kalimat:
1. (+) You are beautiful. (Kamu cantik)
(-) You are not beautiful. (Kamu tidak cantik)
(?) Are you beautiful? (Apakah kamu cantik?)
– Yes, I am.
– No, I am not.

2. (+) It is my cat. (Ini adalah kucingku)
(-) It is not my cat. (Ini bukan kucingku)
(?) Is it your cat? (Apakah ini kucingmu?)
– Yes, it is.
– No, it is not.

3. (+) You are intentionally. (Kamu sengaja)
(-) You are not intentionally. (Kamu tidak sengaja)
(?) Are you intentionally? (Apakah kamu sengaja?)
– Yes, I am.
– No, I am not.

Present Simple pada WH Question / Question Words

1. Kalimat Verbal
– What
– Who
– Where + do / does + Subject + Verb 1 + ?
– When
– Why
– How

Contoh kalimat:
– What do you like? (Apa yang kamu suka?)
– Where does your mother go? (Kemana ibumu pergi?)
– Who does invite Rita to come here? (Siapa yang undang Rita untuk datang kesini?)
– How does your cat drink? (Bagaimana cara kucingmu minum?)

2. Kalimat Nominal
– What
– Who
– Where + am / are / is + Subject + A/N/A + ?
– When
– Why
– How

Contoh kalimat:
– What is that? (Apa itu?)
– Where are they? (Dimana mereka?)
– Who is he? (Siapa dia?)
– How are you? (Bagaimana kabarmu?)

Latihan Soal

I. Ubahlah kalimat berikut ke dalam betuk kalimat positive, negative atau interrogative dengan menggunakan present simple!
1. (+) I drink a glass of milk every morning.
(-) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. (+) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(-) Dicky does not go to school every day.
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. (+) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(-) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(?) Does she hit you on face?

4. (+) They are professional football players.
(-) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. (+) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(-) Cecil is not a nurse.
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

II. Bentuklah kalimat berikut dengan menggunakan kata kerja (verb) ke dalam bentuk yang tepat!
1. The cat … (catch) a mouse.
2. Dinda … (not/go) to the library very often.
3. How many cigarettes … (you/smoke) every day?
4. It … (take) me an hour to get to your place.
5. Royal Department store … (open) at 10 am and … (close) at 10 pm every day.

Kunci Jawaban Latihan Soal

Romawi I
1. (+) I drink a glass of milk every morning.
(-) I do not drink a glass of milk every morning.
(?) Do I drink a glass of milk every morning?

2. (+) Dicky goes to school every day.
(-) Dicky does not go to school every day.
(?) Does Dicky go to school every day?

3. (+) She hits you on face.
(-) She does not hit you on face.
(?) Does she hit you on face?

4. (+) They are professional football players.
(-) They are not professional football players.
(?) Are the professional football players?

5. (+) Cecil is a nurse.
(-) Cecil is not a nurse.
(?) Is Cecil a nurse?

Romawi II
1. catches
2. does not go
3. do you smoke
4. takes
5. opens, closes

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